In order to achieve the better understanding of the context of the situation in which Anne Moody acted, I need to present more background information about the activity of the Civil Rights Movement in the American South that started in 1950s, but gained its major popularity later in 1960s-1970. It was an important force that insisted on the equality for African Americans. And what is the most interesting and moving about it is the diversity of its member. No matter of the race, the origin, area of living, the age, the sex – many people have supported the protest organized by the Civil Rights Movement.
Success and loss came along for the civil rights movement, despite the changes in anti-discrimination legislation, the civil rights activists were confident these changes weren’t sufficient. Unfortunately the transformation of civil rights movement from non violent approach to more aggressive has happened in the late 1960. We have a few interesting sources that describe the history and interesting details of these times and the most well known among them are “Groundwork: Local Black Freedom Movements in America” by Theoharis, Woodard and Payne and also “Coming of Age in Mississippi” by Moody that described the violence which took place in the southern society at that time.
“Groundworks Local Black Freedom Movements in America” is a cumulative source of the information about the various local civil rights movements, and it’s really useful for getting a comprehensive vision of this fight. The book consists of thirteen stories that show us the struggle for racial justice that took place in the period from 1940 to 1980. It describes various regional activities that happened in North and South, a national struggle, the relations between Black Power and Civil Rights and other aspects.
In the context а our discussion of Anne Moody contribution to the civil rights movement I would like to draw your attention to the fact that “Groundworks Local Black Freedom Movements in America” claims there were many women among the participants. But the Black freedom movement was organized primarily by male leaders.
It’s interesting to emphasize that the different origins and class backgrounds of Anne Moody and other leaders of Black Power and Civil Rights movements.
For instance, Gloria Richardson, a participant of Cambridge Movement, was born Maryland in a privileged environment and her family was one of the wealthiest citizens in the town they lived in.
Let me remind you that on the contrary to the wealthy and affluent Gloria Richardson, Ann Moody was a poor black girl from a central Mississippi, whose family lived on plantation.
Let’s also discuss the organizational affiliation and ideological orientations of Anne Moody and other leaders of Black Power and Civil Rights movements. Anne Moody had a relation to the SNCC group and also she was a participant of the NAACP, CORE, and SNCC. She worked for the Congress of Racial Equality and took a part in many civil rights activities for instance, Woolworth luncheon sit-in and the March on Washington. Anne has a good relationship with Dr. Martin Luther King and was a follower of a non-violence approach.
In my opinion, the major difference in organization issues was that the dominance of the male leaders in such movements as CORE (Congress Of Racial Equality), Black Panther Party, or SNCC and they were concentrated on recruiting young people who were often injured in the aggressive protest activities. Even an intellectual lady Gloria Richardson, a member of Cambridge Movement, was supportive of the Malcolm X ideas and established a strong collaboration with him.
Anne Moody was not that radicalized and was more oriented on the non-violence approach.
Among the male leaders of the civil right movements I could name a few bright figures such as Charles Evers, Rudy Shields, Father Groppi, Harold Wilson. They are all aspiring persons that show us the examples of self-definition and self-determination. As an example of the male leader, I suggest to discuss one of the Black Panther Party’s founders Huey P. Newton.