Essays on HISTORY OF ADULT EDUCATION

Distance learning is the way of learning that our contemporary fast moving world requires. It helps students to make learning easier and more pleasant. By contrast, I do not agree that distance learning can give all needed information to the student. The course seems to be not concentrative on main points. However, it is comfortable for contemporary youth who want to spend less time on learning and gain needed knowledge and skills. Strictly talking, contemporary schools do not study the classical-medieval studies’ organization (it is known as trivium). Definitely, even in the ancient times people knew that every age of a student should filled with different information (different levels of it) according to the age.

The distance education is useful when a person have a job or wants to prolong education. Holmberg (2005) has found that distance education has long had trouble with testing. The delivery of testing materials is fairly straightforward, which makes sure it is available to the student and he or she can read it at their leisure. The problem arises when the student is required to complete assignments and testing. Online courses have had difficulty controlling cheating in quizzes, tests, or examinations because of the lack of teacher control. However, with distance education the student can be removed from supervision completely. Thus, distance education (or learning) has its benefits and disadvantages or fail that are needed to be working on.

Distance learning seems to provide benefits to several basic categories. According to Oblinger (2000), they are
• Expanding access: It can reach underserved populations of students who cannot attend a school that offers the educational services they desire.
• Cost reduction: It can turn content production into a repeatable and durable learning tool that does not require as much infrastructure.

• Emerging market opportunities: It fuels the need for lifelong learning by providing access to learners in the non-traditional k-12 age group.
• Adapting to new technology and environments: Educational institutions may adopt it.
Distance education allows students to have more flexible and comfortable way of getting education. It makes them more adapted to the modern fast moving world that requires being active and accurate. Distance learning is seemed to generate tremendous excitement inside and even outside the higher education.

This paragraph is dedicated to the constructivism in the classroom and motivating to learn. Constructivism, as far as I know, can be described with some factors. First, student independence or autonomy and initiative must be accepted and encouraged in the classroom through his or her classmates and teachers. Constructivism is a specified theory, which has special factors – observation and studying of science – about the process of human’s learning. However, it says that a human creates his own understanding and knowledge about the whole world, using experience and the way of reflecting on it. In the case of the encountering anything new, people must reconcile this knowledge with his or her previous ideas, views and experience, possibly changing what people believe in, or even discarding that information like an irrelevant. Piaget (1997) mentioned that in the classroom, the constructivist view of learning can point towards a number of different teaching practices. It usually means encouraging students to use active techniques (experiments, real-world problem solving) to create more knowledge and then to reflect on and talk about what they are doing and how their understanding is changing. The teacher makes sure she understands the students’ preexisting conceptions, and guides the activity to address them and then build on them.

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