It is known that literature plays an important role in the individual’s development. Literature helps to form the main ideas and concepts about the world, to understand the meaning of life, and the mission of each individual in this world. The ideas and concepts help to create an individual’s ideology that influences the individual’s motivation and activity. Besides, literature plays a reflective role in personal and social development. For example, literature can show the historical development of different ideologies and it helps to understand the thoughts and actions of people in different periods of history. One of the most important roles of literature is its reflection on the uniqueness of the culture. Literature is closely connected with cultural development of any individual. Moreover, literature makes it possible to learn more about cultural development of people who lived in different periods of time. My goal in this paper is to discuss in what way the literature of different cultures reflects the uniqueness of the culture.
As each culture has its own characteristics, the literature of each culture also has its particular features that cannot be compared with the literature of any other culture. It means that each culture is unique, and the literature of each culture reflects the uniqueness of each culture. Let’s take, for example, the literature of Aztecs that is represented by Aztec codices, the unique books written by Aztecs of pre-Columbian and colonial era. This literature gives an opportunity to learn more about the culture of Aztecs, about their history and art. For example, the Aubin Codex helps to learn more about some important historical events, such as the massacre at the temple in Tenochtitlan in 1520, while the Codex Fejervary-Mayer represents the sacred Aztec calendar, the tonalpohually. One of the most important codices is Florentine Codex which consists of twelve books that are focused on religious beliefs and rituals of Aztecs, their Gods, history and moral philosophy (Simon 4). All the Aztec codices are unique and reflect the uniqueness of the culture of Aztecs (Aztec Codex/Codices).
The other example, which proves that the literature of the culture reflects the uniqueness of the culture is Popol Vuh, or the Book of the People, which contains many mytho-historical narratives related to the Post Classic Quiche kingdom located in Guatemala’s western highlands (Simon 18). This book is regarded as the unique literature of the Quiche culture, as it provides information concerning Quiche kingdom, its creation and historical development, its famous people and old traditions (Popol Vuh). For example, in the part I of the book, the readers learn about the history of creation of living beings, according to Mayan people views. The book says that the animals were created first followed by human beings. The first human beings of earth and mud soaked up water and dissolved. The second human beings were created from wood and “they did not have souls, nor minds”. (Popol Vuh 4).