Essays on Ronal Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev

The names of Ronal Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev are well known all over the world. Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan were the ones we should thank for the end of the cold war. Many historians and researches consider this event to be of enormous historical significance.

The Cold War seriously influenced the lives of people as they were living in the constant threat of the nuclear war. The threatening cowl of the Cold war influenced the life of people since the mid 40-s till the beginning of the 90-s of the 20th century. The significant historical figures of Reagan and Gorbachev ended this constant waiting for the soon coming war, hate, western/eastern enemy.

They have changed history and started the new page of relations between Western and Eastern Europe and the relations between the Soviet Union (now Russian Federation) and the United States of America got the new birth. Africans and Russians found new business partners cross the Oceans and stopped spending enormous costs on the military equipment, re-equipment and preparations for the supposed nuclear war with the main political opponent.

When Mikhail Gorbachev headed Soviet Union he announced era of socialistic pluralism and priority of common to all mankind values over class values. As the result of changing directions ideological confrontation lost it former acuteness and sharpness. During the meting in Iceland Gorbachev promoted politics corresponding to the ideas of the 70-s and supporting demilitarization policy, supposing programs of arsenal limitation. But development of the Soviet Union towards the process of refusal to communist ideology and also dependence of the USSR economics from western technologies and credits in foreign policy aspect, with abrupt default on the oil market caused significant aspect in foreign affairs. The USSR made serious concessions in the sphere of foreign policy. In 1988 Soviet military forces started their withdrawal from Afghanistan. Falling of communist system in the Eastern Europe according to revolutionary activity of the 1989 also caused serious affect. It actually liquidated so called Soviet block. The liquidation of the Soviet block was actually the main reason of ending the Cold War. The Soviet Government was in serious crisis. Central powers lost control on the united republics and finally the colossus fallen creating a number of Democratic states. Mikhail Gorbachev will be remembered as a person who took an active part in liquidation of the Cold War and establishment of new, more efficient relationship with Western neighbors.

Ronald Reagan was the one who also took an active part in Cold War liquidation. His administration was working hard on this question during the second time of his President term. President Reagan and his administration took an active p[art in regulating the relations between the Soviet Union and the United States of America. He was the one who take part in negotiations with Mikhail Gorbachev. Together they ratified agreement of liquidation of intermediate-range and lesser-range ballistic missiles. They also hold on several meetings strongly connected with lessen of nuclear arsenal of the both Countries. Reagan is also significant figure for the development of American economics. He suggested new term Reaganomic which was a fresh world in the US economics at that times.

In the end I would like to note that his political figures played very significant role in the history of the last 30 centuries and their influence on the social life of the whole world could be hardly measured

Reference:
– Hamm, Manfred R. (June 23, 1983). “New Evidence of Moscow’s Military Threat”. The Heritage Foundation
– Knopf, Jeffery W., Ph.D. (August 2004). “Did Reagan Win the Cold War?”. Strategic Insights (Center for Contemporary Conflict) III (8)

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