Among the countries of the Eastern and Central Europe Ukraine is considered to have the highest rank of the political corruption. The social and political structure of the country have not underwent serious changes and is strongly connected to its political crisis lasting for many years. The independent state is strongly financially dependent from the neighboring Russia and the whole situation provoked social and political destabilization. The investigation provided by the Atlantic Council of the United Sates found out that “Of all the sectors of the Ukrainian economy, experts interviewed by the Task Force agreed that energy, land and real estate, and the transportation sector have in recent years been the sectors most implicated in wide-ranging corruption. Of these, energy has been the most problematic. According to Ukrainian experts interviewed, the most problematic areas are: (1) how party lists are chosen for election participation; (2) financing of the political parties; and (3) parliamentary activities of people’s deputies and the parties.
International observers ruled that Ukraine’s 2007 parliamentary elections were clean. However, prior to the elections, observers such as the delegation from the National Democratic Institute, raised concerns about recent modifications of election laws which have possibly opened the door for election fraud and falsification of future elections, i.e. by an increase in mobile ballot boxes and home voting” (Jan Neutze and Adrian Karatnycky, 2007). The political crisis and the methods candidates use for their further promotion to get the powers caused serious economic after effects. The country with Soviet past (this also seriously influences all the spheres damaged by corruption, political as well) could not overcome the political corruption, but still drowning in it more and more. It is really a problem for this country of the given area. From the very beginning of political competition (all the parties have anti-corruption point in their programs): “During the 2007 parliamentary election campaign, corruption was one of the dominant campaign issues. All the major political parties included anti-corruption platforms within their party manifestos or their leaders made corruption an important theme in speeches and interviews. All these parties vowed to step up anti-corruption efforts should they control the government following the elections. According to
press reports, Ukrainians are fed up not only with having to deal with corruption in most interactions with public officials, but also are deeply disappointed in their political leaders – particularly the president – who, following the “Orange Revolution” promised to put an end to mass corruption. Failure to deliver on some of the key promises of the Orange Revolution and a lack of effective government action over the past three years have caused many Ukrainians to regard new anti-corruption initiatives with cynicism” (Jan Neutze and Adrian Karatnycky, 2007).
Compared to the previous two countries the situation in with political corruption in Ukraine is twice as worse than in any of them. But still the country has the same historical and cultural background as Poland and Czech Republic. Being strongly influenced by Soviet manner of thinking they still could not overcome the past experience as well as historical background. All the structures that provided investigations within Ukrainian politics noted that the country has perfect perspectives for further development but political corruptions spread all over the country ruins all the beginnings.
“Political corruption in parliament can also take the form of payments to encourage voting on a particular bill. The price of passing a bill, according to some investigative journalists, may be as high as a few million dollars. A deputy’s behavior is shielded by the right to full immunity while serving in the parliament. A deputy may be taken to court on administrative charges only with the expressed consent of the parliament by constitutional majority (300 votes), which is a significant obstacle to the administration of justice.
Today, the issue of revoking the deputies’ immunity is one of the major issues (promoted primarily by Our Ukraine and BYuT) in the ongoing election campaign”(Jan Neutze and Adrian Karatnycky, 2007). But the experts suppose that the current situation could be improved if the strong political forces will be in power.